Now let us go a little deeper in our understanding of time.1. Significance of Years of Gods
A divine year (i.e. 360 years of man) is a very useful unit of time measurement at this level.
One cycle of the four yugas together is 12,000 divine years. Each of these years is composed of 360 days, and each of their days is equal to one human year.
So Krita-yuga is 4000 divine years in length, Treta-yuga is 3000 divine years in length, Dvapara-yuga is 2000 divine years in length, and Kali-yuga is 1000 divine years long, with the addition of the conjoining portions of the Sandhya and Sandhyansa.
(Each yuga is preceded by a period called a Sandhya and followed by a period of time known as a Sandhyansa – which is 10% of the yuga’s time span each).
|Sandhya||Actual Yuga||Sandhyansa||Total div. Years|
All the above numbers are divine years (i.e. 360 years of man).This equals 4,320,000 human years in one cycle of the four yugas together
2. Number of Generations
Average age of humans in different yugas:Krita yuga = 100,000 years
Treta yuga = 10,000 years
Dwapar yuga = 1,000 years
Kali Yuga = 100 years
The one reference we have is Dwapar Yuga, where it is said that the warriors were around 400-500 years of age when they fought the Great Mahabharata War. There is also a mention that Karna was 240 years of age when he bore his first child. This kind of matches the timeline of 1,000 years of human age (In our yuga, people have children when they are around 25 – 1/10th of the age mentioned above)Now, if we consider that an average generation lasts about half of human age (by around 50 years, you have the next generation taking over, is it not?), we get the following:
|Total div. Years||Human Years||Average Age||Approx. Generations|
So here are some observations:- In all, there are around 10,000 human generations in one Mahayuga.
- The number of generations keep going up from Krita Yuga, increasing more and more – 7.5 times more the first time, then 6.6 times more and then 5 times more.
3. Reckoning of Time among other entities
Reckoning of time amongst the pitr (ancestors):
1 human fortnight = 1 day of the pitrs
30 days of the pitrs = 1 month of the pitrs
12 months of the pitrs = 1 year of the pitrs
The lifespan of the pitrs is 100 years of the pitrs (= 36,000 pitr years = 1,500 human years)
Reckoning of time amongst the Devas:
1 human year = 1 day of the Devas.
30 days of the Devas = 1 month of the Devas.
12 months of the Devas = 1 year of the Devas = 1 divine year.The lifespan of the Devas is 100 years of the Devas (= 36,000 human years).