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06 Chiranjeevi 1 - Ashwatthama


1. Ashwatthama - Ashwatthama is the son of Drona, the teacher of Kauravas and Pandavas. He was named Ashwatthwama because as soon as he was born he started neighing like a horse, and "Ashwa" means horse.

Ashwatthama fights along side his father for Duryodhana in the Great War. He has committed 3 sins in the course of time:

  • Murder of a child by unfair means: Ashwatthama is one of the six maharathis (great warriors) who killed Abhimanyu, a single child in an unfair and heinous fight. Six great warriors surround one boy, attack from all sides, and keep hammering him even after he loses his weapons and becomes defenseless. (Karna attacks him from behind and breaks his bow – apparently Karna’s most shameful crime in the epic). Participating in this murderous act is Ashwatthama’s first sin.
  • Genocide -- Killing of innocent people in their sleep: On the 18th day of the Great War, after Duryodhana is defeated by Bhima in a single combat and when he is laying in his own blood, the three remaining survivors of his side – Ashwatthama, Kripa and Kritavarma – come to meet him. Duryodhana announces Ashwatthama to be the commander of his remaining (?) army. Ashwatthama, blind with fury for his father’s death (Drona is tricked and killed earlier) plots along with Kritavarma and Kripa, attacks the Pandava camp at night and slaughters all the people on Panadava side - including Dhrishtadynma (Pandava's commander general), The sons of Draupadi and all other people in their sleep.
  • Foeticide -- Killing of an unborn child: The Pandavas, incensed by the above act, chase Aswatthama resulting in his fight with Arjuna during which both invoke the extremely powerful Brahmashirsha astra. Fearing the destruction of the world, the sages (Vyasa in particular) advise both to take back their weapons. While Arjuna can do so, Ashwatthama cannot and is given the option of choosing any single target to destroy. Out of spite, Ashwatthama directs the weapon to the wombs of Pandava women – specifically Uttara, Arjuna's daughter-in-law (Abhimanyu’s wife and King Virata’s daughter). Since at this time Uttara is carrying the unborn Parikshit, son of Abhimanyu, who upon birth would be the future heir to all the Pandava brothers, Ashwatthama’s weapon is successful in fatally burning the foetus.

Vasudeva Krishna revives the stillborn child (hence he is called “Parikshit” – born out of an experiment) and curses Ashwatthama with leprosy and to roam the world as an unloved castaway.

In another version of the story, Bhima removes the Mani (stone) from Ashwatthama’s forehead and Draupadi curses Ashwatthama of immortality and eternal suffering without love from anybody. In any case, this is the only Chiranjeev who has a prolonged life as a ‘curse’ – a life of suffering, solitude and pain.

In some versions, it is believed that Ashwatthama migrated to the Arabian Peninsula. An old fort near Burhanpur, India called Asirgarh has a Lord Shiva temple on top where it is believed that Ashwatthama offers a red rose everyday to Lord Shiva early in the morning. Another story says that Ashwatthama is still roaming in the forest of Gir, Junagadh in the Gujarat state of India. The story of people sighting Ashwatthama near Rishikesh has already been mentioned. All in all, here is one lonely, sad and dejected Being who supposedly has no choice but to suffer till the end of Kali Yuga.

Promise, this is the only sad story out of the eight. The rest are all quite beautiful.

- Best
Shreekant

Comments

hari said…
super explanation. thank you
achie.... said…
its a detailed explaination but i m looking for some more.... By any chance do u know how and why shwatthama got that mani in his head?
Parikshit -- does not mean " Born out of experiment" he got this name dude the his nature of keen observation he had siting in the lap of Yudhistira in the Royal assembly in his child hood... He was looking to find Sri Krishna, and fails to find him in the assembly, He sees him just after birth.
Rajat Talnikar said…
Yes, i truly believe that Ashwathama is really alive as my mosaji(husband of mom's sister)who is in rajasthan army has saw a 12-14 feet tall man with large wound in his head with many of his partners. they are 101% sure that the man was ashwathama.Not even my mosaji but our kulguru " shri Nana Maharaj" who during his narmada padyatra saw ashwathama.but today sadest thing is dat our kulguru is not with us.Even scientist have predicted dat average height at dat time was 12-16 feet.they also predicted dat average diet & age was also much higher in today's comparison.
The Yogi said…
Parikshit was named so, cause he would examine every face he would see as a child to look for the one being, Sri Krishna, who saved his life while he was in womb. As he would curiously examine, (Pariksha karna).. he was named Parikshit.
ravi singh said…
hi rajat.... m very keen to talk to u bout these stories... can u plz mail me on rangyravi@yahoo.co.in thnx n regards :)